Gastrointestinal fistula occurs when there is an abnormal connection between a part of the digestive tract and the skin or other organ, causing a leak of gastric acid. Doctors can also call the gastrointestinal fistula, gastric fistula or gastric fistula.
Gastrointestinal fistula is a serious medical condition that may require long-term care. This article will describe the most common causes, treatment and complications of the gastrointestinal fistula.
The infection can cause gastric fistula.
About 85-90 percent of all gastrointestinal advanced keto fistulas occur as complications of surgical procedures.
In a study of 1,148 people who underwent abdominal surgery, 5.5 percent of patients developed fistulas after surgery. Most of the fistulas appeared during the first week after surgery.
The doctor should always analyze the risk of fistulas with the person before undergoing abdominal surgery. They should also consult with the individual after surgery if there is any fistula symptom, where the immediate diagnosis is likely to improve the outcome.
Other possible causes of gastrointestinal fistulas include:
History of radiation in the abdomen
Infections, such as dizziness
Inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn’s disease
Ulcer in the intestine
Physical injury to the abdomen
When a person has a gastrointestinal fistula, the digested food can not move properly through the body. The fistula also causes leakage of fluid, resulting in reduced levels throughout the body. Symptoms may include:
High heart rate
A person with an intestinal fistula can get very sick and develop a condition known as sepsis. This is where the body of the person is attacked in response to a serious infection.
Sepsis causes a variety of symptoms, including hypotension, high fever, high heart rate, and organ failure. In some cases, it can even be fatal.
Doctors classify fistulas into four main categories, which can cause different symptoms:
Complicated: this type of fistula has multiple channels that affect more than one member.
External: an external fistula is the part that connects the digestive system to the skin.
Outside the bone: this fistula connects part of the intestine to another organ of the body, such as the bladder.
Intestinal: This fistula involves the connection of one area of the intestine to another.
The person with external gastrointestinal fistula will have an open skin area. This means that the acid and other contents of the stomach will leak into the skin through the opening of the wound. This can be very harmful to the skin.